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  • Kingdom: Animalia
  • Phylum: Chordata
  • Class: Mammalia
  • Order: Carnivora
  • Family: Felidae
  • Genus: Panthera tigris
  • Species: Panthera tigris altaicia

 

  • Height: 10.75 ft (3.3 m)
  • Weight: 600 lbs (300 kg)
  • Lifespan: 10-20 years in the wild, and up to 20 years in captivity.

 

  • Also called Siberian tigers, Amur tigers are the world’s largest cats.  They live primarily in eastern Russia’s birch forests, though some exist in China and North Korea.
  • Tigers generally live and hunt alone.  They will travel many miles to find prey such as elk and wild boar on nocturnal hunts, eating as much as 60 pounds in one night.  They use their distinctive coats as camouflage and no two tigers have exactly the same stripes.
  • Only an estimated 400-500 Amur tigers remain in the wild.  Tigers are often hunted for trophies and also for body parts that are used in traditional Chinese medicine.  All five remaining tiger subspecies are endangered, and many protection programs are in place.  Poaching, though reduced, is still a very significant threat to these animals.
  • Unlike almost all other big cats, tigers are very good swimmers.  They enjoy bathing and playing in the water when young.  As adults, they have been known to swim several miles to hunt or to cross rivers.